研究生: 鮑鵬宇

論文名稱: 外省資本與人才對戰後臺灣發展的影響

指導教授: 黃樹仁

關鍵字: 戰後初期、臺灣發展、日治時期、產業發展、高等教育

[摘要]

回顧過往的研究,對1950年代臺灣發展多專注於討論日本時期發展的脈絡、美援對於超級通貨膨脹的作用以及整體政策對台灣發展的影響,而未見隨國民黨政府來的大量外省人的角色。1945年以前臺灣在日本的統治下,和中國大陸產生完全不同的發展。戰後國民黨政府帶來的大量外省人,以其和在臺灣發展的本省人的不同背景,影響了臺灣人民的教育程度與職業結構,彌補了因為日本人產生的空缺和不足,同時也壓抑排擠了本省人的發展機會。本研究使用文獻分析法,比較戰前中國大陸和臺灣的生產與教育的統計資料,以及戰前和戰後臺灣的資料,從比較中指出臺灣和中國大陸在戰前發展的不同,以及戰後初期和日治時期的差異。證明外省人在戰後1950年代初期對臺灣具有難以忽視的影響力,而這是過往未曾受到關注的焦點。

[ 英文摘要 ]

Past studies of Taiwan’s post-war development mostly focus on the impact of Japanese colonialism, U.S. aid to Taiwan, and the statepolicy. This thesis argues that human resources and capital brought inby mainlanders around 1945-1949 also played a significant but often overlooked role in Taiwan’s post-war development. Taiwanese under Japanese colonialism from 1895 to 1945 had little access to higher education other than medical schools and saw little development in manufacturing sector, while in the mainland China both the access to higher education and the development of manufacturing sector were much more comprehensive. After the restoration of Taiwan to China in 1945, and especially upon the Nationalist government‘s loss of mainland in the Chinese civil war and its relocation to Taiwan in 1949, the inflow of significant number of mainlander with higher education, manufacturing skill, and capital helped Taiwan overcome the deficiency in human resources and capital caused by the departure of Japanese colonists, and therefore facilitated Taiwan’s economic development afterward. On the other hand, the inflow of large number of mainlanders with better education probably crowded out many Taiwanese from employment opportunities left open by the departure of Japanese.